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Energy Policies in China and Vietnam

August 2016

Energy is a recurrent topic in debates involving the population, politicians and scientists. There is growing concern about limited fossil fuel reserves and climate change. Society is divided over which solutions should be privileged. The accident in Fukushima in 2011 has re-launched the debate on the safety of nuclear energy.
It is therefore natural that the IHEST has made energy one of its main topics, publishing online debates and reports on different aspects of this subject.
Energy consumption and CO2 emissions are relatively stable in the Western world, but increasing rapidly in many countries, especially the Far East.
This report first gives a short overview on the global situation before taking a closer look at China and Vietnam.
China’s energy consumption is also rapidly increasing. Its size and growing economic weight mean that developments and trends in the energy sector have a global impact.
The report describes China’s energy policies and outlook, before taking a closer look at its also rapidly growing transport sector.
China’s R&D on energy and the likely (technological) developments in this field are discussed in another IHEST report : “The future of China’s energy market”.
During the 1990s, Vietnam was a poor country, but since then it has witnessed a very strong economic growth and consequently also a very significant increase in its energy consumption.
This has led Vietnam to adopt a decidedly proactive energy policy, especially concerning electricity.

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Publié le mercredi 2 mars 2016,
mis à jour le jeudi 2 mars 2017

Thèmes : Grands défis
Mots clés : Energie Asie